9/13.0 - Types of Nouns and Derivatives اَلْمُشْتَقَّاتُ

 


 Types of Nouns

Nouns are divided into three types:

 

a.     The Source (Verbal Source اَلْمَصْدَرُ ) This is technically a

        part of the Derivative called  المُشْتَق مِنْهُ and المُشْتَق points to

        it.

b.     The Derivative اَلْمُشْتَقُّ

c.      Rigid اَلْجَامِدُ.

 Now, let us describe these in more detail.

A.     The Source اَلْمَصْدَرُ

 

The source is similar to an infinitive in the English language. The infinitive is a grammar term that refers to a basic Verb form that acts as a Noun and is often preceded by the word "to". Exceptions do occur though and It is not always preceded by to.

 

The source is that which defines the work that is being performed like “to listen (سَمِعٌ sami-un) ”. We know that its root is (س م ع) with form I (س) as you will find out later.

 

To define the Source (Verbal Noun) اَلْمَصْدَرُ al-mas-da-ru, a brief description of the Verb will be given here. A detailed study of Verbs follows after Noun.

 

 

Section 13.0 – Introduction To The Derivatives اَلْمُشْتَقَّاتُ

 

As we mentioned in chapter 3, There are two classes of Nouns in general. There are words that are made with certain rules using the root alphabets. These are called the Derivatives or اَلْمُشْتَقَّاتُ al-mush-taq-qaa-tu. And then there are Nouns that do not follow any rules and we are dependent on the way native speakers use them. These are called Rigid or جَامِدٌ jaa-mi-dun. This chapter covers the Derivatives اَلْمُشْتَقَّاتُ al-mush-taq-qaa-tu and some of the classifications. See next sections for each of these derivatives.

 

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