; An English Guide to Classic Qur'anic Arabic: 4.0 - Incomplete Compounds

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4.0 - Incomplete Compounds



 

Section 4.0 – Compound مُرَكَّبٌ mu-rak-ka-bun Definition

 

A compound is made up of 2 or more words. Compounds are divided into two categories. Either it is an incomplete compound (a phrase) or a complete compound (a sentence). An incomplete compound is something that does not convey a message completely and leaves a listener unsure about what was said. For example, if I say the Book of philosophy, one may ask the question: what about it? A complete compound conveys a message and the listener understands what is being meant. For example, if I say this is a book of philosophy, this would be a complete sentence.

An incomplete compound is calledالْمُرَكّبُ الْغَيْرُ مُفِيْدُ  mu-rak-ka-bul ghai-ri-mu-fee-dinwhich means non-useful compound and a complete compound is called مُرَكَّبُ الْمُفِيْدِ mu-rak-ka-bul mu-fee-di which means useful compound. It is also called المُرَكَّبُ التَّامِّ mu-rak-kabu-tam-mi or a complete compound/ sentence.

An incomplete compound is used as a part of a complete compound or sentence.

 

Section 4.1 - Incomplete Compounds المُرَكّبُ الْغَيْرُ الْمُفِيْدُ al-mu-rak-ka-bul ghai-rul mu-fee-di

 

There are four commonly incomplete compounds:

A. Descriptive Compound الْمُرَكَّبُ التَّوصِيْفِيْ(al-mu-rak-kab-ut tausifi)

B. Demonstrative Compound  الْمُرَكَّبُ الْاِشَارِيْ (al-mu-rak-kab-ul ishari)

C. Possessive Compound الْمُرَكَّبُ الْإِضَافِيْ (al-mu-rak-kab-ulidaafi)

D. Genitive Compound الْمُرَكَّبُ الجَّارِيْ  (al-mu-rak-kab-ul jaari) and Particles حُرُوْفُ الْجَرِّ (huroof-ul-jarri

 

Each of these will be described in detail in the following sections.

 

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