9/14 Prepositions that change the meaning of the Verb

 


Section 14.1 - Prepositions that change the meaning of the Verb

 

a.    Verb Plus اَتَىٰ Preposition Usage

فِعْلٌ + صِلَةُ الْفِعْلِ

 

Prepositions that change the meaning of the Verb

 

Meaning of Example

Example from Quran

Meaning of Verb

Relative Clause/Preposition

صِلَةُ الْفِعْلِ

Verb

فِعْلٌ

The command of Allah is coming

An-Nahl - Verse 1

 

أَتَىٰ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ

He came

Without Preposition

اَتَىٰ

[Pharaoh] said, "Then bring it, if you should be of the truthful."

Ash-Shu’raa Verse 31

 

قَالَ فَأْتِ بِهِ إِن كُنتَ مِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ

He brought

بِ

اَتَىٰ

then bring a surah the like this

فَأْتُوا بِسُورَةٍ مِّن مِّثْلِهِ

 


 

b.    Verb  بَغَىٰ Plus Preposition Usage

فِعْلٌ + صِلَةُ الْفِعْلِ

 

Prepositions that change the meaning of the Verb

 

they would have  wronged throughout the earth

Ash-Shura - Verse 27

 

اَلبَغَوْا فِي الْأَرْضِ

Sought, desired, wronged, envied, oppressed, transgressed

Without Preposition

بَغَىٰ

Indeed, Qarun was from the people of Moses, but he unjust with them

Al-Qasas - Verse 76

 

إِنَّ قَارُونَ كَانَ مِن قَوْمِ مُوسَىٰ فَبَغٰى عَلَيْهِمْ

Was unjust, did wrong

عَلَىٰ

بَغَىٰ

They said, "Fear not. [We are] two adversaries, one of whom has wronged the other

Saad - Verse 22

 

بَغَىٰ بَعْضُنَا عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍ

 


 

c.     Verb تَابَ Plus Preposition Usage

فِعْلٌ + صِلَةُ الْفِعْلِ

 

Prepositions that change the meaning of the Verb

 

Except for those who repent, believe and do righteous work

Al-Furqaan - Verse 70

 

إِلَّا مَن تَابَ وَآمَنَ وَعَمِلَ عَمَلًا صَالِحًا

repented

Without Preposition

تَابَ

And he who repents and does righteousness does indeed turn to Allah with [accepted] repentance.

Al-Furqaan - Verse 71

 

وَمَن تَابَ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَإِنَّهُ يَتُوبُ إِلَى اللَّهِ مَتَابًا

repented

إِلَىٰ

تَابَ

Then Adam received from his Lord [some] words, and He accepted his repentance

Al-Baqara - Verse 37

 

فَتَلَقَّىٰ آدَمُ مِن رَّبِّهِ كَلِمَاتٍ فَتَابَ عَلَيْهِ ۚ

Accepted the repentence

عَلَىٰ

تَابَ

 

 


 

B.    Verb جَاءَ Plus Preposition Usage

فِعْلٌ + صِلَةُ الْفِعْلِ

 

Prepositions that change the meaning of the Verb

 

When the victory of Allah has come and the conquest

An-Nasr - Verse 1

 

إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ

Came, arrived

Without Preposition

جَاءَ

And Moses had certainly brought you clear proofs

Al-Baqara - Verse 92

 

وَلَقَدْ جَاءَكُم مُّوسَىٰ بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ

brought

بِ

جَاءَ

 


 

C.    Verb ذَهَبَ Plus Preposition Usage

فِعْلٌ + صِلَةُ الْفِعْلِ

 

Prepositions that change the meaning of the Verb

 

And [mention] the man of the fish, when he went off in anger

Al-Anbiyaa - Verse 87

 

وَذَا النُّونِ إِذ ذَّهَبَ مُغَاضِبًا

went

Without Preposition

ذَهَبَ

Allah took away their light

Al-Baqara - Verse 17

 

ذَهَبَ اللَّهُ بِنُورِهِمْ

 

Took away

بِ

ذَهَبَ

And when the fright had left Abraham

Hud - Verse 74

 

فَلَمَّا

ذَهَبَ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ

Went away, Left

عَنْ

ذَهَبَ

 


 

D.   Verb رَضِيَ Plus Preposition Usage

فِعْلٌ + صِلَةُ الْفِعْلِ

Prepositions that change the meaning of the Verb

 

He does not approve of the speech

An-Nisaa - Verse 108

 

لَا يَرْضَىٰ مِنَ الْقَوْلِ

Contented, pleased, happy, satisfied, agreed, approved

Without Preposition

رَضِيَ

Allah being pleased with them and they with Him

Al-Bayyina - Verse 8

 

رَّضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ ۚ

Pleased with

عَنْ

رَضِيَ

 

 

 


 

E.    Verb ضَرَبَ Plus Preposition Usage

فِعْلٌ + صِلَةُ الْفِعْلِ

We said, "Strike with your staff the stone."

Al-Baqara - Verse 60

 

فَقُلْنَا اضْرِب بِّعَصَاكَ الْحَجَرَ

Strike, hit, brat,

Without Preposition

ضَرَبَ

And We have certainly presented to the people in this Qur'an from every [kind of] example

Ar-Room - Verse 58

 

وَلَقَدْ ضَرَبْنَا لِلنَّاسِ فِي هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنِ مِن كُلِّ مَثَلٍ

Went forth, strove, presented

فِي

ضَرَبَ

So do not assert, mention similarities to Allah. Indeed, Allah knows and you do not know.

An-Nahl - Verse 74

 

فَلَا تَضْرِبُوا لِلَّهِ الْأَمْثَالَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ وَأَنتُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ

mentioned

لِ

ضَرَبَ

They have been put under humiliation [by Allah]

Aal-Imran - Verse 112

 

ضُرِبَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الذِّلَّةُ

Struck upon, overshadowed, humiliated, cast

عَلَىٰ

ضَرَبَ

So We cast [a cover of sleep] over their ears within the cave for a number of years

Al-Kahf - Verse 11

 

فَضَرَبْنَا عَلَىٰ آذَانِهِمْ فِي الْكَهْفِ سِنِينَ عَدَدًا

And he presents for Us an example and forgets his [own] creation

Yaseen - Verse 78

 

وَضَرَبَ لَنَا مَثَلًا وَنَسِيَ خَلْقَهُ

Gave example, presented example

مَثَلًا

ضَرَبَ

 


 

F.     Verb عَفَا Plus Preposition Usage

فِعْلٌ + صِلَةُ الْفِعْلِ

 

Prepositions that change the meaning of the Verb

 

but whoever forgives and makes reconciliation - his reward is [due] from Allah

Ash-Shura - Verse 40

 

فَمَنْ عَفَا وَأَصْلَحَ فَأَجْرُهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ

abound

Without Preposition

عَفَا

Allah knows that you used to deceive yourselves, so He accepted your repentance and forgave you

Al-Baqara - Verse 187

 

عَلِمَ اللَّهُ أَنَّكُمْ كُنتُمْ تَخْتَانُونَ أَنفُسَكُمْ فَتَابَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَعَفَا عَنكُمْ ۖ

forgave

عَنْ

عَفَا

 


 

G.   Verb قَضَىٰ Plus Preposition Usage

فِعْلٌ + صِلَةُ الْفِعْلِ

When He decrees a matter, He only says to it, 'Be,' and it is

Aal-Imran - Verse 47

 

إِذَا قَضَىٰ أَمْرًا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُ كُن فَيَكُونُ

Decreed, fulfilled

Without Preposition

قَضَىٰ

it will be judged between them in justice

Yunus - Verse 47

 

قُضِيَ بَيْنَهُم بِالْقِسْطِ

judged

بَيْنَ

قَضَىٰ

the matter was accomplished, and the ship came to rest terminated on the [mountain of] Judiyy

Hud - Verse 44

 

وَقُضِيَ الْأَمْرُ وَاسْتَوَتْ عَلَى الْجُودِيِّ

Terminate, finish, conclude

عَلَىٰ

قَضَىٰ

 


 

H.    Verb وَضَعَ Plus Preposition Usage

فِعْلٌ + صِلَةُ الْفِعْلِ

 

And the heaven He raised and imposed the balance

Ar-Rahmaan - Verse 7

 

وَالسَّمَاءَ رَفَعَهَا وَوَضَعَ الْمِيزَانَ

Put, laid down, raised, imposed

Without Preposition

وَضَعَ

And We removed from you your burden

Ash-Sharh - Verse 2

 

وَوَضَعْنَا عَنكَ وِزْرَكَ

removed

عَنْ

وَضَعَ

 


 

I.      Verb وَضَعَ Plus Preposition Usage

فِعْلٌ + صِلَةُ الْفِعْلِ

And from wherever you go out [for prayer], turn your face toward al-Masjid al-Haram

Al-Baqara - Verse 150

 

وَمِنْ حَيْثُ خَرَجْتَ فَوَلِّ وَجْهَكَ شَطْرَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ

Turned, caused to turn

Without Preposition

وَلّٰىٰ

So he watered [their flocks] for them; then he returned back to the shade

Al-Qasas - Verse 24

 

فَسَقَىٰ لَهُمَا ثُمَّ تَوَلَّىٰ إِلَى الظِّلِّ

Turned to

إِلَىٰ

وَلّٰىٰ

So, turn away from whoever turns his back on Our message and desires not except the worldly life

An-Najm - Verse 29

 

فَأَعْرِضْ عَن مَّن تَوَلَّىٰ عَن ذِكْرِنَا وَلَمْ يُرِدْ إِلَّا الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا

Turned away from

عَنْ

وَلّٰىٰ

 

 

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