Sarf and Nahw Summary: 6.3 - All Particles in Qur'an


 

6.3 - All Particles in The Quran

Section 6.3 - All Particles from Al-Qur’an

 

 

No.

Particle

Meaning

Explanation

No, of times used

1

إِنَّ

Surely

Verb like particle

حَرْف مُشِبْهَةُباِلْفِعْل

Accusative

1682

2

أَنّ

Surely

Verb like particle

حَرْف مُشِبْهَةُباِلْفِعْل

(مِن إنَّ وَ أخَوَاتُهَا)

Accusative

 

362

3

لَعَلّ

Perhaps/

Possibility

Verb like particle

التَّرَجِّيْ

(مِن إنَّ وَ أخَوَاتُهَا)

Accusative

123

4

لَٰكِنَّ

But

Verb like particle

حَرْف مُشِبْهَةُباِلْفِعْل

(مِن إنَّ وَ أخَوَاتُهَا)

يفيدُ الإستدراك

(Gives the

benefit of retraction)

Accusative

57

5

كَأَنّ

Like/ similar to

Verb like particle

حَرْف مُشِبْهَةُباِلْفِعْل

(مِن إنَّ وَ أخَوَاتُهَا)

Accusative

29

6

لَيْتَ

Wish/ desire

Verb like particle

التَّمَنِّيْ

(مِن إنَّ وَ أخَوَاتُهَا)

14

7

لَٰكِنْ

But

Conjunction

particle

Also gives the meaning of retraction إسْتِدْرَاك

Accusative

 

8

8

لَّعَلَّ

Perhaps/

Possibility

Verb like particle

التَّرَجِّيْ

(مِن إنَّ وَ أخَوَاتُهَا)

Accusative

 

6

9

لَٰكِن

But

Conjunction

particle

Also gives the meaning of retraction إسْتِدْرَاك

65

10

بَلَىٰ

Of course

The particle of Answer

 حَرْف الْإِيْجَابِ

22

11

إِذًا

When, if

Adverb of time

(for future condition)

ظَرْف زَمَان

شرطية (لِلْإسْتِقْبَال)

Answer

 

13

12

نَعَم

Yes

Particle of Answer

4

13

كَلَّا

Nay,

Definitely

not

The particle of

Deterrent

( حَرْف رَدَع)

33

14

إِن

If

Conditional

particle

حَرْف شَرَط

578

15

لَو

If

Conditional

particle

حَرْف شَرَط

184

16

مَن

Whoever

Conditional

particle

حَرْف شَرَط

184

17

لَوْلَآ

Why not

Particle of promotion

حَرْف تَحْضِیْض

 

35

18

مَا

What?

Conditional

particle

حَرْف شَرْط

23

20

أَمَّا

Indeed, truly, verily

Particles of

Caution

 حُرُوْفُ التَّنْبِيْهِ

11

21

أَيْن

Where

Interrogative Particle

إسْتِفْهَام

3

22

إِلَّا

Except

Particle of

Exception

حَرْف إسْتثْناء

102

23

لَوْلَآ

Why not

Particle of promotion

حَرْف تَحْضِیْض

 

40

24

أَمَّا

For emphasis:

indeed; truly; verily

For conjunction:

But at the same time, as far as he is concerned, but, however, yet

Explanation

Particle

44

25

إِمَّا

Either, or, whether

Particle of choice

22

 

26

سَوْف

Soon

Future particle

42

27

حَتَّىٰ

Until

Inceptive particle/

Terminal Particle

حَرْف إبتِدَاء/ حَرْف غائِيَة

47

28

أَلَآ

Beware; indeed; truly; lest; verily

Particle of caution

حَرْف تَنْبِیْہ

Inceptive

 

 

39

29

بَل

But (indeed)

Particle of change

حَرْف إضْرَاب

Inceptive

 

4

30

هَل

Is? Are?

 Have ?

Interrogative

Particle

إسْتِفْهَام

93

31

مَا

What?

Interrogative

Particle

إسْتِفْهَام

92

32

كَيْف

How

Interrogative

Particle

إسْتِفْهَام

80

33

أَىّ

Which?

Interrogative

 Particle

إسْتِفْهَام

35

34

مَن

Who?

Interrogative

Particle

إسْتِفْهَام

34

35

أَنَّىٰ

How

Interrogative

Particle

إسْتِفْهَام

27

36

مَاذَا

What, Which

Interrogative

Particle

إسْتِفْهَام

26

37

كَم

How many

Interrogative

Particle

إسْتِفْهَام

20

38

أَيْن

Where

Interrogative

Particle

إسْتِفْهَام

12

39

مَتَىٰ

When

Interrogative

Particle

إسْتِفْهَام

9

40

أَيَّان

On what occasion ? when ?

Interrogative

Particle

إسْتِفْهَام

5

41

لَا

Not

Negative Particle

نَفِيْ

1364

42

مَا

Not

Negative Particle

نَفِيْ

704

43

لَم

Strong not

Negative Particle

نَفِيْ

353

44

إِن

Not

Negative Particle

نَفِيْ

114

45

لَن

Light Not

Negative Particle

نَفِيْ

104

46

كَيْ

So that, in order to

Subjunctive

Particle,

Works similar to لِ

3

47

قَد

Emphasis,

also used for near past

Particle of certainty/

near past

حَرْف تَحْقِيْق/مَاضِيْ إسْتِمرَاري

406

48

إِن

If/

when

The particle of condition/Particle

of certainty

5

49

إِلَّا

Except

Particle of exception

حَرْف إسْتِثْنَاء

3

50

أَن

that

حَرْف مَصْدَرِيَة

The particle of source noun

47

51

مَا

So/but

Supplemental

particle

حَرْف زَائِدَة

13

52

إِذًا

When

Adverb of time

(for future condition)

ظَرْف زَمَان شَرَطية

 (لِلْإسْتِقْبَال)

Surprise

18

53

إِذَا

When

Adverb of time

(for future condition)

ظَرْف زَمَان شَرَطية

 (للإستقبال)

Surprise

14

54

إِذَا

When

Adverb of time

(for future condition)

ظَرْف زَمَان شَرَطية

 (لِلْإسْتِقْبَال)

Surprise

3

55

إِلَّا

Except

حَرْف الْحَصَر

Particle of Exclusivity

558

56

بَل

But

Particle of change

حَرْف إضْرَاب

Retraction

122

57

لَا

Not

Particle of

prohibition

نَهِيْ

327

 

 

 

 

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