Nahw Meer English: 7.0 - Implied Active Elements اَلْعَوَامِلُ الْمَعْنَوِيَّةُ


Implied Active Elements are of two kinds:


1) The beginning of a sentence is empty of active Noun on implied active elements اَلْعَوَامِلُ الْمَعْنَوِيَّةُ and it gives Nominative رَفْعٌ status to both Subject اَلْمُبْتَدَأُ and the Predicate اَلْخَبَرُ. For example, زَيْدٌ قَائِمٌ meaning “Zaid is standing”. So, the Subject زَيْدٌis Nominative رَفْعٌ because of the beginning and قَائِمٌ which is Predicate for it is Nominative رَفْعٌ due to the Subject which is Nominative رَفْعٌ because of the beginning.


There are two more schools of thought:


– that the beginning اَلْاِبْتِدَأُis acting on the Subject اَلْمُبْتَدَأُ and اَلْمُبْتَدَأُ is active on the Predicate اَلْخَبَرُ.


– that each one in both the Subject اَلْمُبْتَدَأٌ and Predicate اَلْخَبَرُ is active on the other.


2) The Imperfect Tense Verb اَلْفِعْلُ الْمُضَارِعُ is empty of any active element to give it Accusative نَصْبٌ or Jussive جَزَمٌ  status which gives Nominative رَفْعٌ status to the verb. For example, يَضْرِبُ زَيْدٌ meaning “Zaid is hitting/ will hit”. Therefore “يَضْرِبُ“ here is Nominative رَفْعٌ because there are no Accusative نَصْبٌ or Jussive جَزَمٌ actors فَاعِلٌ.


The Subject of Active Elements in Grammar has been completed here by the Grace of Allah SWT and His help.




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