; An English Guide to Classic Qur'anic Arabic: 4.2 - The Six Nouns Exception

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4.2 - The Six Nouns Exception



 


 

Section 4.2 – The Six Nouns الْسِّتَةُ الأَسْمَاْءُ (al-asmaa-ul al-sitta-tu)

 

TheSix Nouns الأَسْمَاْءُ الْسِّتَةُ (al-asmaa-ul al-sitta-tu) in Arabic are six singular masculine Nouns that take different e’raab different from the normal e’raab for singular Nouns when they are the first part of a Genitive compound مُرَكَّبُ الْجَارِيْ (murak-kabuljaari).

 

The six Nouns are the following, they are in the indefinite state:

 

Table 22 - الْسِّتَةُ الأَسْمَاْءُ(al-asmaa-ul al-sitta-tu)

 

A father

abun

أَبٌ

A brother

akhun

أَخٌ

A father-in-law

Ham-mun

حَمٌ

A mouth

Fam-mun

فَمٌ

A thing

Han-nun

هَنٌ

 (The) possessor (of)

dhoo

ذُوْ

 

The last Noun, dhoo, is not in the indefinite state but rather in the compound state. This Noun cannot exist in any state other than this.

The six Nouns will take regular e’raab signs(dammah, fathah, kasrah) except when they are the first part of a possessive compound مُرَكَّبُ الْإِضَافِيْ.

 

When the Six Nouns form the first part of a possessive (idaa-fi) compound, they will have the irregular e’raab signs of وْ for nominative, اْ for Accusative نَصْبٌ (nas-bun) and يْ for genitive جَرٌّ.

 

Table 23 – The Six Nouns الْسِّتَةُ الأَسْمَاْءُ (al-asmaa-ul al-sitta-tu)

Flexibilities and States

 

Nominative

Accusative

Genitive

 (The) father (of)

aboo

أَبُوْ

 (The) father (of)

abaa

أَبَاْ

 (The) father (of)

abee

أَبِيْ

 (The) brother (of)

akhoo

أَخُوْ

 (The) brother (of)

akhaa

أَخَاْ

 (The) brother (of)

akhee

أَخِيْ

 (The) father-in-law (of)

hamoo

حَمُوْ

 (The) father-in-law (of)

hamaa

حَمَاْ

 (The) father-in-law (of)

hamee

حَمِيْ

 (The) mouth (of)

foo

فُوْ

 (The) mouth (of)

faa

فَاْ

 (The) mouth (of)

fee

فِيْ

 (The) thing (of)

hanoo

هَنُوْ

 (The) thing (of)

hanaa

هَنَاْ

 (The) thing (of)

hanee

هَنِيْ

 (The) possessor (of)

dhoo

ذُوْ

 (The) possessor (of)

dhaa

ذَاْ

 (The) possessor (of)

dhee

ذِيْ

 

Notes

 

The irregular case signs of the six Nouns should not be confused with regular e’raab as in أَبَوَاْ (aba-waa) meaning (The) two fathers (of), أَخَوَيْ(akha-wai) meaning (The) two brothers (of) when Nouns are not singular.

 

The word dhoo ذُوْ meaning (the) possessor (of) can exist only as the first part of a Genitive جَرٌّ (jarr-un) construction but not as an independent word. Or, it can only exist in the construct state but not in the absolute or indefinite state.

 

The word (han-un) هَنٌ meaninga thing is an obsolete classical word that often referred to the genitalia. This word can take regular e’raabor e’raab of the Six Nouns. The better ones to use with this word are the regular e’raab and not the Six Noun ones.

 

 

 

 

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