; An English Guide to Classic Qur'anic Arabic: 4.1C1 - Pronouns with Genitive Compound

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4.1C1 - Pronouns with Genitive Compound



 

Use of pronouns in a Genitive جَرٌّ (jarr-un) Compound

 

Some Genitive جَرٌّ (jarr-un) Particle/ Prepositions are used with pronouns also. Since Genitive جَرٌّ (jarr-un) Particle/Prepositions give Genitive جَرٌّ (jarr-un) state to the Noun, the pronouns used with these Particles are the ones in Genitive جَرٌّ(jarr-un) state which have been mentioned in the previous chapter. Following tables 13 through 17 show commonly used pronouns with Genitive جَرٌّ (jarr-un) Particle/Prepositions:

 

Table 13 - Use of Preposition ب with Personal Pronouns

 

 

Gender

Single

Dual

Plural

3rd person

male

بِهِ

 

Bihi

 

With, was, on him

بِهِمَا

 

Bihi-maa

 

With, was, on those two males

بِهِمْ

 

Bi-him

 

With, was, on them males

female

بِهَا

 

Bi-haa

 

With, was, on her

بِهِمَا

 

Bi-himaa

 

With, was, on those two females

بِهِنَّ

 

Bi-hinna

 

With, was, on all those females

2nd person

male

بِكَ

 

Bi-kaa

 

With, was, on you (male)

بِكُمَا

 

Bi-kumaa

 

With, was, on you two (males)

بِكُمْ

 

Bi-kum

 

With, was, on you all (males)

female

بِكِ

 

Bi-kee

 

With, was, on you (female)

بِكُمَا

 

Bi-kumaa

 

With, was, on you two (females)

بِكُنَّ

 

Bi-kun-na

 

With, was, on you all (females)

1st Person

male

 

بِيْ

 

 (Bee)

 

With, was, on me

 

 

 

بِنَا

 

 (Bi-naa)

 

With, was, on us

female

 

Table 14 - Use of Preposition فِيْ with Personal Pronouns

 

 

Gender

Single

Dual

Plural

3rd person

male

فِيْهِ

 

 (Fee-he)

 

In, among, to, about him

فِيْهِمَا

 

 (Fee-hima)

 

 

In, among, to, about both (male)

فِيْهِمْ

 

 (Fee-him)

 

 

 

In, among, to, about them (male)

female

فِيْهَا

 

 (Fee-haa)

 

In, among, to, about her

فِيْهِمَا

 

 (Fee-himaa)

 

In, among, to, about both (female)

فِيْهِنَّ

 

 (Fee-hinna)

 

In, among, to, about them (female)

 

2nd person

male

فِيْكَ

 

 (Fee-ka)

 

In, among, to, about you

فِيْكُمَا

 

 (Fee-kuma)

 

In, among, to, about you both

فِيْكُمْ

 

 (Fee-kum)

 

In, among, to, about you all (male)

female

فِيكِ

 

 (Fee-ki)

 

In, among, to, about you (female)

فِيْكُمَا

 

 (Fee-kuma)

 

In, among, to, about you both (female)

 

فِيْكُنَّ

 

 (Fee-kun-na)

 

In, among, to, about you all (female)

1st Person

male

فِيَّ

 

 (Fee-ya)

 

In, among, to, about me

 

فِيْنَا

 

 (Fee-na)

 

In, among, to, about us

female

 

Table 15 - Use of Preposition مِنْ with Personal pronouns

 

 

Gender

Single

Dual

Plural

3rd person

male

مِنْهُ

 

 (min-hu)

 

From, among, in, of him

مِنْهُمَا

 

 (min-hu-maa)

 

(From, among, in, of) both (males)

 

مِنْهُمْ

 

 (min-hum)

 

From them, among them/in them/of them

 

 

 

 

female

مِنْهَا

 

 (min-haa)

 

From, among, in, of her

مِنْهُمَا

 

 (min-hu-maa)

 

(From, among, in, of) both (female)

 

مِنْهُنَّ

 

 (min-hun-naa)

 

(From, among, in, of) them (female)

2nd person

male

مِنْكُمْ

 

 (min-kum)

 

From, among, in, of you

 

مِنْكُمَا

 

 (min-ku-maa)

 

(From, among, in, of)  you both

مِنْكُمْ

 

 (min-kum)

 

(From, among, in, of) you all (male)

female

مِنْكِ

 

 (min-kee)

 

From, among, in, of you (female)

 

 

مِنْكُمَا

 

 (min-ku-maa)

 

(From, among, in, of)  both (female)

مِنْكُنَّ

 

 (min-kun-naa)

 

(From, among, in, of) all (female)

1st Person

Male

مِنّيْ

 

 (min-nee)

 

From, among, in, of me

مِنَّا

 (min-naa)

 

(From, among, in, of) us all

female

 

 

Table 16 - Use of Preposition لَ with Personal pronouns

 

 

Gender

Single

Dual

Plural

3rd person

male

لَهٌ

 (la-hu)

 

For, from, of him

لَهُمَا

 

 (la-hu-maa)

 

For, from, of them both (male)

لَهُم

 

 (la-hum)

 

For, from, of them all (male)

female

لَهَا

 

 (la-haa)

 

For, from, of her

لَهُمَا

 

 (la-hu-maa)

 

For, from, of them both (female)

لَهُنَّ

 (la-hun-na)

 

For, from, of them all (female)

2nd person

male

لَكَ

 

 (la-ka)

 

For, from, of you (male)

لَكُمَا

 

 (la-ku-maa)

 

For, from, of both of you (male)

لَكُمْ

 

 (la-kum)

 

For, from, of you all (male)

female

لَكِ

 

 (la-kee)

 

For, from, of you (female)

لَكُمَا

 

 (la-ku-maa)

 

For, from, of both of you (female)

لَهُنَّ

 

 (la-hun-na)

 

For, from, of you all (female)

1st Person

male

لِيَ

 

 

 (lee-ya)

for, from, of me

لَنَا

 

 (la-naa)

 

For, from, of us

female

 

Table 17 - Use of Preposition عَنْ with Personal pronouns

 

 

Gender

Single

Dual

Plural

3rd person

male

عَنْهُ

 

 (an-hu)

 

For, from, on him

عَنْهُمَا

 

 (an-hu-maa)

 

For, from, on them both

عَنْهُمْ

 

 (an-hum)

 

For, from, on them all

female

عَنْهَا

 

 (an-haa)

 

For, from, on her

عَنهُمَا

 

 (an-hu-maa)

 

For,

from, on

 

them both (female)

عَنْهُنَّ

 

 (an-hun-na)

 

For, from, on them all (female)

2nd person

male

عَنْكَ

 

 

 (an-ka)

 

For, from, on you (male)

عَنْكُمَا

 

 (an-ku-maa)

 

For, from, on you both (male)

عْنْكُمْ

 

 (an-kum)

 

For, from, on you all (male)

female

عَنْكِ

 

 (an-kee)

 

For, from, on you (female)

عَنْكُمَا

 

 (an-ku-maa)

 

For, from, on you both (female)

عَنْهُنَّ

 

 (an-hun-na)

 

For, from, on you all (female)

1st Person

male

عَنِّي

 

 (an-nee)

 

For, from, on me

عَنَّا

 

 (an-naa)

 

For, from, on us

 

female

 

Table 18 - Use of Preposition عَلٰى with Personal pronouns

 

 

Gender

Single

Dual

Plural

3rd person

male

عَلِيْهِ

 

 (alai-hee)

 

Against, over, for, upon him

عَلِيْهِمَا

 

 (alai-himaa)

 

Against those two

عَلِيْهِمْ

 

 (alai-him)

 

Against, over, for, upon him

 

female

عَلِيْهَا

 

 (alai-haa)

 

Against, over, for, upon him

 

عَلِيْهِمَا

 

 (alai-himaa)

 

Against, over, for, upon him

 

عَلِيْهِنَّ

 (alai-in-na)

 

Against, over, for, upon him

 

2nd person

male

عَلِيْكَ

 

 (alai-ka)

 

Against, over, for, upon him

 

عَلِيْكُما

 

 (alai-ku-maa)

 

Against, over, for, upon him

 

عَلِيْكُنَّ

 

 (alai-kun-naa)

 

Against, over, for, upon him

 

female

عَلِيْكِ

 

 (alai-kee)

 

Against, over, for, upon him

 

عَلِيْكُمَا

 

 (alai-ku-maa)

 

Against, over, for, upon him

 

عَلِيْهِنَّ

 

 (alai-hin-na)

 

Against, over, for, upon him

 

1st Person

male

عَلَيَّ

 

 (alai-ya)

 

Against, over, for, upon him

 

عَلِيْنَا

 

 (alai-naa)

 

Against, over, for, upon him

 

 

female

 

Table 19 - Use of Preposition اِلٰى with Personal pronouns

 

 

Gender

Single

Dual

Plural

3rd person

male

اِلِيْهِ

 (ilai-hee)

To, at, for him

اِلِيْهِمَا

 (ilai-himaa)

To, at, for both of them (male)

 

اِلِيْهِمْ

 (ilai-him)

To, at, for them (male)

 

female

اِلِيْهِا

 (ilai-haa)

To, at, for her

 

اِلِيْهِمَا

 (ilai-himaa)

To, at, for both of them (female)

 

اِلِيْهِنَّ

 (ilai-hin-na)

To, at, for them (female)

 

2nd person

male

اِلِيْكَ

 (ilai-ka)

To, at, for you (male)

 

اِلِيْكُمَا

 (ilai-ku-maa)

To, at, for both of you (male)

 

اِلِيْهكُمْ

 (ilai-kum)

To, at, for all of you (male)

 

female

اِلِيْكِ

 (ilai-kee)

To, at, for you (female)

اِلِيْكُمَا

 (ilai-ku-maa)

To, at, for both of you (female)

اِلِيْكُنَّ

 (ilai-kun-na)

To, at, for both of you (female)

1st Person

male

اِلِيَّ

 

 (ilai-ya)

To, at, for him/her

 

 

اِلِيْنَا

 (ilai-naa)

To, at, for 2 or more males/females

 

 

female

 

 

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