; An English Guide to Classic Qur'anic Arabic: 4.1C - Genitive Compound

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4.1C - Genitive Compound



 

C. Genitive Compound الْمُرَكَّبُ الجَّارِيْ

 

To understand a Genitive Compound, first, we need to know the Genitive Particle/ Prepositions in Arabic. Genitive Particles حَرْفُ الْجَرِّ har-fu jar-rin are equivalent to Prepositions and when used with a Noun, cause it to go into a Genitive جَرٌّ (jarr-un) State.

In Arabic, these are words/alphabets governing, and usually preceding, a noun or pronoun and expressing a relation to another word or element in the clause, as in “he is going towards the mosque”, or “I am with Zaid”. That is, prepositions are used to connect Nouns or Nouns and pronouns. 

A Particle in this category is generally referred to as جَارٌ (jaa-run) and the Noun after it is called مَجْرَوْرٌ (maj-roo-run) and the compound is called a Compound الْمُرَكَّبُ الجَّارِيْ (al-murak-kab-ul Jaa-ri).

There are 17 prepositions or Particles of Jarrحَرُوْفُ الْجَرِّ huroof-ul jarri in Arabic as listed below:

 

1.(ب) اَلْبَاءُ.  2. (ت) اَلتَّاءُ 3. (ك) اَلْكَافُ 4. (ل) اَللَّامُ 5. (و)اَلْوَاوُ 6. مُذْ 7. مُنْذُ.  8. خَلَا 9. عَدَا 10.رُبَّ 11. حَاشَا 12.مِنْ 13. عَنْ 14. عَلَىٰ 15.حَتَّىٰ 16. فِيْ 17. اِلَىٰ

 

For our purpose, we will be studying eleven of these since these are used commonly in Al-Qur’an shown below in Table 12.

 

Table 12 – Genitive جَرٌّ (jarr-un) Particles – Prepositions

 

Particle

Meaning/Explanation

Example

بِ

Be

This alphabet gives the meaning of “with” in Arabic

بِالْقَلَمِ

bil qalami

 meaning with pen

تَ

ta

Used in Al-Qur’an for an oath, that is only used for swearing by Allah SWT.

تَاللهِ

tal-lahi

meaning By God

كَ

ka

Meaning “similar to”, Used for comparing, showing similarity

 

كَالْقَمَرِ

kal-qama-ri

meaning “like moon”

لِ

lee

Used for the word “for”

لِزَيْدٍ

lee-Zaidin

meaning “for Zaid”

وَ

wa

Used for oath

وَاللهِ

wal-lahi

 meaning by God (I swear to God)

مِنْ

min

Meaning “from"

مِنَ البَيْتِ

min-al-baiti

meaning “from the house”

عَنْ

un

Meaning “from (a person)”

عَن اَبِيْ هُرَيرَةَ

Un abi-huraira-ta

meaning “from Abu Hurairah”

عَلٰى

alaa

Meaning “upon/on”

عَلَٰى الْكُرْسِيْ

Alal-kursi

meaning “on the chair”

حَتَّىٰ

Hat-taa

Meaning “until”

حَتَّيٰ حِيْنٍ

Hatta-heen

meaning “until an appointed time”

فِيْ

fee

Meaning “in/inside"

فِيْ الدُّنْيَا

Fid-du-ni-ya

meaning “in the world”

اِلَىٰ

ilaa

Meaning “to/towards”

اِلٰي الْمَسْجِدِ

Ilal-masjid

meaning “towards masjid”

 

 

 

 

 

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