; An English Guide to Classic Qur'anic Arabic: 3.4E - Definite by Relative Pronoun

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3.4E - Definite by Relative Pronoun



 

 

E. Definite by Relative pronouns اَسْمَاءُ الْمَوْصُولَةُ(as-maa-ul mau-soo-la-tu)

 

A relative pronounis used to connect a clause or phrase to a Noun or pronoun. The clause modifies or describes, the Noun. The most common relative pronouns in the English Language are who, whom, whose, which, and that.

 

In the Arabic language, again, unlike English, the pronounce differ by state, the gender, and the number of people/things being referred to. The Relative pronouns اَسْمَاءُالْموصُوْلَةِ (as-maa-ul mau-soo-la-ti) in Arabic are as follows. Again, it is recommended that these be memorized in the order they are written below, starting with male single absent and going across the rows in the table from left to right shown in a column form below.

 

اَلَّذَيْ          al-la-dhi The one who (male) Nominative

اَللَّذَانِ         al-la-dhaani Those two who (male) Accusative نَصْبٌ (nas-bun)

اَللَّذَيْنِ         al-la-dhaini Those two who (male) Genitive

اَللَّذِيْنَ         al-la-dheena Those all who (male) Nominative

 

اَللَّتِيْ            al-la-ti The one who (female) Nominative

اَللَّتَانِ           al-la-taani Those two who (female) Accusative نَصْبٌ (nas-bun)

اَللَّتَيْنِ           al-la-tai-ni Those two who (female) Genitive

اَللَّاتِيْ/ اَللَّوَاتِيْ al-laa-ti/al-lawa-ti Those all who (female) Nominative

 

Table 6 below provides more details for these pronouns:

 

 

Table 6 - Relative pronouns

 

 

Single مُفْرَدٌ

Dual

مُثَنّٰي

Plural

 جمْعٌ

Nominative رَفْعٌ

 

 raf-un

Accusative

 نَصْبٌ nas-bun /

جَرٌّ Genitive/ jar-run

 

Male

مُذَكَّرٌ

 

Mu-dhak-kar-un

 

اَلَّذَيْ

 

 (al-la-dhi)

 

The one who

 

اَللَّذَانِ

 

 (al-la-dha-ni)

 

Those two who

 

اَللَّذَيْنِ

 

 (al-la-dhaini)

 

Those two who

 

اَلَّذِيْنَ

 

 (al-la-dhi-na)

 

Those who

 

Female

مَؤَنَّثٌ

 

Mu-an-nath-un

 

 اَلَّتِيْ

 

 (al-la-ti)

 

The one who

 

اَللَّتَانِ

 

 (al-la-ta--ni)

 

Those two who

 

اَللَّتَيْنِ

 

 (al-la-tai-ni)

 

Those two who

 

اَللَّاتِيْ، اَللَّوَاتِيْ

 

 (al-laa-ti/

Al-la-waa-ti)

 

Those who

 

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