; An English Guide to Classic Qur'anic Arabic: 3.4D Definite by Demonstrative Pronoun

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3.4D Definite by Demonstrative Pronoun



D. Definite by Demonstrative pronouns اَسْمَاءُالْإِشَارَةِ (as-ma-ul ishaa-ra)

 

This is a pronoun that points out the one referred to and distinguishing it from others of the same class (as in that in "that house").  In other words, these pronouns that point to specific things: this, that, these, and those, as in “This is an apple”, “Those are boys” or “Take these to the clerk.” 

 

Table 5 below describes the demonstrative pronouns in Arabic. Note that these are also different depending upon the gender, position, and singular/dual/ plural status.

 

Table 5 - Demonstrative pronouns

 

 

Single

Dual

Plural

 

Nominative

Accusative نَصْبٌ (nas-bun) /

Genitive

قَرِيْبٌ

Qa-reeb

 (Near)

Masculine

هٰذَا

 

 (haa-dha)

This (male single)

هٰذَانِ

 

 (ha-dhaa-ni)

These (two males)

هٰذَيْنِ

 

 (haa-Dhai-ni)

These (two males)

هٰؤُلآءِ

 

 (haa-u-laai)

 

These (males/females plural)

Feminine

هٰذِهِ

 

 (haa-dhi-hi)

 

This (female single)

هَاتَانِ

 

 (haa-ta-ni)

 

These (two females)

هَاتَيْنِ

 

 (haa-tai-ni)

 

These (two females)

بَعِيْدٌ

Ba-yeed

 (Far)

Masculine

ذٰالِكَ

 

 (dhaa-li-ka)

 

That (male single)

ذَانِكَ

 

 (dhaa-ni-ka)

 

Those (two males)

ذَيْنِكَ

 

 (DHai-ni-ka)

 

Those (two males)

اُوْلٰئِكَ

 

 (u-laai-ka)

 

Those (males/females plural)

Feminine

تِلْكَ

 

 (til-ka)

 

That (female single)

تَانِكَ

 

 (taa-ni-ka)

 

Those (two females)

تَيْنِكَ

 

 (taiy-ni-ka)

 

Those (two females)

 

 

An example of a demonstrative pronoun use would be هٰذَا زَيْدٌ meaning This is Zaid and تِلْك زَيْنَبُ meaning that is Zainab. Note Zainab is a feminine name and single, therefore, the pronoun used is تِلْكَ.

 

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