; An English Guide to Classic Qur'anic Arabic: 7.8-12 – Convert Verbal Sentence to Nominative

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7.8-12 – Convert Verbal Sentence to Nominative



 

Section 7.12 – Convert Verbal Sentence (جُملةُالْفِعْلِيَةُ jum-la-tul fei-liya-tu) to a Nominal Sentence (جُملةُ الْاِسْمِيَةُ jum-la-tul is-mi-ya-tu)

 

Sometimes, a Verbal sentence needs to be converted into a nominal sentence (for example for the purpose of using emphasis by اِنَّ inna or ل lam of emphasis which are used in nominative sentences). Depending upon whether the فَاعِلٌfaa-i-lun(actor) is explicit (mentioned) or implicit (hidden) there are two different ways:

 

1) If the Actor/Subject is mentioned مَذْكُوْرٌ maz-koor then, it is pulled in front as in خَرَجَ مُوْسٰى (kha-ra-jaMusa) can be خَرَجَ مُوْسٰى(Musa kh-ra-ja).

2) If the Actor/Subject is implicit, then the pronoun hidden in it is pulled ahead. Since all 14 inflections of a Verb have implicit pronouns, this rule applies to them as shown below in Table 40:

 

Table 40 – pronoun as Object Example

 

Verbal sentence

Nominative sentence

Meaning

فَعَلَ

 

Fa-ala

هُوَ فَعَلَ

 

Hua fa-ala

He did

فَعَلَا

 

Fa-alaa

هُمَا فَعَلَا

 

Hu-ma fa-alaa

They both males did

فَعَلُوْا

 

Fa-a-loo

هُم فَعَلُوْا

 

Hum Fa-aa-loo

All males did

فَعَلَتْ

 

Fa-alat

هِيَ فَعَلَتْ

 

Hi-ya Fa-alat

she did

فَعَلَتَا

 

Fa-ala-taa

هُمَا فَعَلَتَا

 

Hu-maa Fa-ala-taa

They both females did

فَعلْنَ

 

Fa-al-na

هُنَّ فَعلْنَ

 

Hun-na Fa-al-na

They all females did

فَعَلْتَ

 

Fa-al-ta

اَنْتَ فَعَلْتَ

 

An-ta Fa-al-ta

You male did

فَعَلْتُمَا

 

Fa-al-tu-maa

اَنْتُمَا فَعَلْتُمَا

 

An-tu-maa Fa-al-tu-maa

You both males did

فَعَلْتُمْ

 

Fa-al-tum

اَنْتُم فَعَلْتُمْ

 

An-tum Fa-al-tum

You all males did

فَعَلْتِ

 

Fa-al-ti

اَنْتِ فَعَلْتِ

 

An-ti Fa-al-ti

You female did

فَعَلْتُمَا

 

Fa-al-tu-ma

اَنْتُمَا فَعَلْتُمَا

 

An-tu-maa Fa-al-tu-maa

You both females did

فَعَلْتُنَّ

 

Fa-al-tun-na

اَنْتُنَّ فَعَلْتُنَّ

 

An-tun-na

You all females did

فَعَلْتُ

 

Fa-al-tu

اَنَا فَعَلْتُ

 

Anaa Fa-al-tu

I (male/female) did

فَعَلْنَا

 

fa-al-naa

نَحْنُ فَعَلْنَا

 

Nah-nu fa-al-naa

We (male/female/dual/ plural) did

 

Now since اِنَّ in-na is never used in front of a Verb, a Verbal sentence can be converted to a nominative sentence and اِنَّ in-na is added as in:

 

خَلَقَ اللهُ الاَرْضَ khalaq-Allah-ularda

 (Allah created the earth) - Verbal sentence

 ê

خَلَقَ الاَرْضَ اللهُAllahukha-la-qal ar-da

 (Allah created the earth) - nominal sentence

 ê

خَلَقُ الاَرْضَ اِنَّ اللهَin-nal-lahakha-la-qul arda

 (verily Allah created the earth) - nominal sentence with emphasis

 

Note that emphasis can be achieved in a Verbal sentence in other was by using other Particles such as قَدْ qadand ل (called lam of emphasis) which was covered earlier.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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