; An English Guide to Classic Qur'anic Arabic: 7.5 - Object of the Verb (الْمَفْعُوْلُ al-maf’ool)

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7.5 - Object of the Verb (الْمَفْعُوْلُ al-maf’ool)



 

Section 7.5 – Object of the Action (الْمَفْعُوْلُ al-maf’ool) in a Verbal Sentence (الْفِعْلِيَةُجُملةُ

jum-la-tul fei-li-ya)

 

We have previously described that Verbs can be of two kinds:

 

1) Intransitive Verb فِعْلُ اللَّاَزِمِ(feil-ul lazimi): This Verb does not require an object (الْمَفْعُوْلُ) and can be a complete sentence without

it. For Example:

Hamid went ذَهَبَ حامِدٌ(za-ha-ba hami-dun)

Amr came جَاءَ عَمرٌو(jaa-a am-run).

 

1)     Transitive Verb (فِعْلُ الْمُتَعْدِّىْ feil-ulmu-ta-addi): This Verb always demands an object (الْمَفْعُوْلُ al-maf’oolu) or objects to complete the sentence. For example:

 

1) Hamid hit Mahmoud ضَرَبَ حَامِدٌ مَحْمُوْدًا

 

 (actor) (Verb) (object) (الْمَفْعُوْلُ) (فَاعِلٌ) (فِعْلُ)

 

 

2) Boy drank water شَرِبَ اَلْوَلَدُ الْمَاءَ

 

 (actor) (Verb) (object) (الْمَفْعُوْلُ) (فَاعِلٌ) (فِعْلُ)

 

Important Note: object (الْمَفْعُوْلُ al-maf’ool-u) is always in the accusative state (نَصْبٌ nas-bun). This is one of the ways to recognize which Nouns are objects of the action (الْمَفْعُوْلُ al-maf’ool-u). If a Noun after a Verb is in Nominative state 

(رَفْعٌraf-un) then it is likely to be an Actor/Subject (فَاعِلٌ faa-il-un).

 

 

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