; An English Guide to Classic Qur'anic Arabic: 6.1 - Numbers

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6.1 - Numbers



 

 

Section 6.1 – الْأَعْدَادُ Numbers (al aa’daa-du)

 

Arabic numbers are translated as عَددٌ (Adad) and the associated Noun is called a مَعْدُوْدٌ (ma-dood).

 

Section 6.2 - Rules for counting from 1 through 10

 

1) number one and two are not used when counting. For example, كِتابٌ kitaa-bun for one book, كِتَابَانِ ki-ta-baa-ni for two books.

 

2) For numbers 3-10, عَدَدٌ ada-dun is used with مَعدُوْدٌ ma’doo-dun and it is always in a Genitive state (مَجْرُوْرٌ maj-roo-run). For example, for three books, ثَلَاثَةٌ كُتُبٍ (thalaa-tha-tun ku-tu-bin) and for four books, أرْبَعَةٌ كُتُبٍ (arbaa-tun ku-tu-bin) etc. are used.

 

3) Note that numbers are also given genders which is probably unique to the Arabic language.

Note that a feminine عَدَدٌ ada-dun is used for a male مَعدُوْدٌ ma’doo-dun and vice versa. See tables below.

 

4) For emphasis, مَعْدُوْدٌ ma’doo-dun is used even for single and dual numbers. For example:

عِنْدِي سَاعَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ(indee-saa-atun waa-hi-da-tun) meaning I have one watch and gender is now matched between Noun and number unlike before.

 

Table 28 - Numbers for Male Ma’dood (مَعْدُوْدٌ)

 

 

Number in Arabic

The number used for masculine

Ma’dood

pronounced as

Examples

Meaning

1

١

واحِدٌ

Waahidun

كِتابٌ

 

Kitaa-bun

One book

2

٢

اِثْنَانِ

Is-naani

كِتَابَانِ

 

Ki-taa-baani

Two books

3

٣

ثَلَاثَةٌ

Thalaa-tha-tun

ثَلَاثَةٌ كُتُبٍ

 

Tha-laa-tha-tun

Ku-tu-bi

Three books

4

٤

أرْبَعَةٌ

Arba-a-tun

أرْبَعَةٌ كُتُبٍ

 

Ar-ba-tun ku-tu-bi

Four books

5

٥

خَمْسَةُ

Kham-sa-tun

خَمْسَةٌ كُتُبٍ

 

Kham-sa-tun ku-tu-bi

Five books

6

٦

سِتَّةٌ

Sit-ta

سِتَّةٌ كُتُبٍ

 

Sit-ta-tun ku-tu-bi

Six books

7

٧

سَبْعَةٌ

Sab-a-tun

سَبْعَةٌ كُتُبٍ

 

Sab-a-tun ku-tu-bi

Seven books

8

۸

ثَمَانِيَةٌ

Sama-nia-tun

ثَمَانِيَةٌ كُتُبٍ

 

Tha-maa-ni-ya-tun ku-tu-bi

Eight books

9

٩

تِسْعَةٌ

Tis-a-tun

تِسْعَةٌ كُتُبٍ

 

Tis-a-tun ku-tu-bin

Nine books

10

١٠

عَشَرَةٌ

Ash-ra-tun

 عَشرَةٌ كُتُبٍ

 

Ash-ra-tun ku-tu-bin

Ten books

 

Table 29 - Numbers for Female مَعْدُوْدٌ (Ma-dood)

 

 

Number in Arabic

The number used for feminine

pronounced as

Examples

Meaning

1

١

واحِدَةُ

Wahi-datun

كِتابٌ

 

Ki-taa-bun

One watch

2

٢

اِثْنَتَانِ

Is-na-taani

كِتَابَانِ

 

Kitaa-baa-ni

Two watches

3

٣

ثَلَاثٌ

thalaa-tha-sun

ثَلَاثَتٍ سَاعَاتٍ

 

Thalaa-tha-tin sa-aa-tin

Three watches

4

٤

أرْبَعٌ

Arba-un

أرْبَعٌ سَاعَاتٍ

 

Ar-ba-un saa-aa-tin

Four watches

5

٥

خَمْسٌ

Kham-sun

خَمْسٌ سَاعَاتٍ

 

Kham-sun saa-aa-tin

Five watches

6

٦

سِتٌ

Sit-tun

سِتٌ سَاعَاتٍ

 

Sit-tun saa-aa-tin

Six watches

7

٧

سَبْعٌ

Sab-un

سَبْعٌ سَاعَاتٍ

 

Sab-un saa-aa-tin

Seven watches

8

۸

ثَمَانٌ

Samaa-nun

ثَمَانٌ سَاعَاتٍ

 

Tha-maa-nun saa-aa-tin

Eight watches

9

٩

تِسْعٌ

Tis-un

تِسْعٌ سَاعَاتٍ

 

Tis-un saa-aa-tin

Nine watches

10

١٠

عَشَرٌ

Ash-run

 عَشرٌ سَاعَاتٍ

 

Ash-run saa-aa-tin

Ten watches

 

Section 6.3 - Rules for counting from 11 through 20

 

1) Numbers 11 through 19 are always compounds and its مَعدُوْدٌ ma’doo-dun is always a singular with fathah.

 

2) This method continues up to number 99.

 

3) For 11 and 12, if (مَعدُوْدٌ ma’doo-dun) is male then number will be male, and if it is female, then number will also be female. For example, أَحَدَ عَشَرَ كِتَابًا (ahada-asha-raakitaa-ban) meaning 11 books and اِثْنَا عَشَرَ كِتَابًا (ithna-ashara-kitaa-ban) meaning twelve books.

 

4) From 13 through 19, the original rule of female (مَعدُوْدٌ ma’doo-dun) for male (عَدَدٌ ada-dun) and male (مَعدُوْدٌ ma’doo-dun) for female (عَدَدٌ) is applied.

 

Table 30 - Numbers 20 through 90

 

Number

Number in Arabic

pronounced as

20

عِشْرُوْنَ

Ish-roona

30

ثَلَاثُوْنَ

thala-thoona

40

أَرْبَعُوْنَ

Arba-oona

50

خَمْسُوْنَ

Khams-oona

60

سِتُّوْنَ

Sit-toona

70

سَبْعُوْنَ

Sab-oona

80

ثَمَانُوْنَ

thama-noona

90

تِسْعُوْنَ

Tis-oona

 

Table 31 - Numbers 100 through 1000, 000

 

Number

Number in Arabic

pronounced as

100

مِائَةٌ

May-atun

200

مِائَتَانِ

May-atani

300

ثُلَاثُ مِائَةٍ

Thulaa-thu may-atin

400

أَرْبَعُ مِائَةٍ

Arba-u may-atin

500

خَمْسُ مِائَةٍ

Khamsu may-atin

600

سِتُّ مِائَةٍ

Sittu may-atin

700

سَبْعُ مِائَةٍ

Sab-aa may-atin

800

ثَمَانِيُمِائَةٍ

Thama-nia may-atin

900

تِسْعُ مِائَةٍ

Tis-u may-atin

1000

ألْفٌ

Al-fun

10, 000

عَشَرَةُ آلَافٍ

Ash-ratu aa-la-fin

100, 000

مِائَةُ أَلْفٍ

May-atu al-fin

1000, 000

مِلْيُوْنٌ

Mil-yu-nun

 


 

Section 6.2 - Week Days اَيَّامُ الْأُسْبُوْعِ

 

Table 32 – Weekdays

 

weekday

 

Pronunciation

Week

اَلسَّبْتُ

As-sab-tu

Saturday

اَلأَحَدُ

Al-aha-du

Sunday

الاِثْنَيْنُ

Al-ith-nai-ni

Monday

اَلثُّلَاثَاءُ

Ath-thalaa-thaa-u

Tuesday

اَلاَرْبِعَاءُ

Al-arbi-aa-u

Wednesday

الْخمِيْسُ

Al-khamee-su

Thursday

الْجُمْعَةُ

Al-jum-atu

Friday

 

 

 

 

 

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