; An English Guide to Classic Qur'anic Arabic: 9/10.4 Laisa Inflections

RC

global site tag

9/10.4 Laisa Inflections



 

10.4 - Laisa لَيْسَ inflections

 

لَيْسَ Laisa does not have an imperfect mu-daa-ri-un مُضَارِعٌ version. It does have past tense مَاضيْ maa-di inflections shown below.

 

Table 67لَيْسَ lai-sa Inflections

 

 

 

single

dual

plural

 

 

 

 

Absent

3rd person

 

Male

 

لَيْسَ

Lai-sa

 (He)

was not

 

 

لَيْسَا

Lai-saa

Those

 (Two

 males)

 were not

 

 

لَيْسُوْا

Lai-soo

They

 (All

 males)

 were not

 

 

 

Female

 

لَيْسَتْ

Lai-sat

 (She)

was not

 

 

لَيْسَتَ

Lai-sa-ta

Those

 (Two

 females) were not

 

لَسْنَ

Las-na

They

 (All

 females)

 were not

 

 

 

Present

2nd person

 

Male

 

لَسْتَ

Las-ta

you

 (male)

 were not

 

 

لَسْتُمَا

Las-tu-maa

You

 (Two

 males)

 were not

 

لَسْتُمْ

Las-tum

You

 (All

 males)

 were not

 

 

female

 

لَسْتِ

Las-ti

You

 (female)

 were not

 

 

لَسْتُمَ

Las-tum

You

 (Two

 females) were not ا

 

لَسْتُنَّ

Las-tun-na

You

 (All

 females)

 were not

 

Speaker

1st person

 

Male/female

 

لَسْتُ

Las-tu

 (I)

was not

 

 

لَسْنَا

Las-naa

we (males,

Females,

Duals, Plurals)

were not

 

 

 

Examples for each of these using وَلَدٌ and بِنتٌ as Nouns of kana for male and female are given below:

 

1) لَيْسَ وَلدٌ سَعِيدًا

Lai-sa wala-dun sayee-dan

He was not a happy boy

 

2) لَيْسَا وَلَدَانِ سَعِيْدَانِ

Lai-saa wala-daa-nisayee-daani

They were not two happy boys

 

3) سَعِيْدِيْنَ لَيْسُوا اَوْلَادٌ

Lai-su aw-laa-dun Sayee-deena

They all were not happy boys

 

4) سَعِيْدَةً لَيْسَتْ بِنْتٌ

Lai-sat bin-tunsayee-da-tan

She was not a happy girl

 

5) سَعِيْدَتَانِ لَيْسَتَا بِنْتَانِ

Lai-sa-taa bin-taa-nisayeeda-ta-ni

They were two not happy girls

 

6) سُعْدَاءً بَنَاتٌلَسْنَ 

Las-na bana-tun su'-daa-an

They were all not happy girls

 

7) سَعِيْدًا لَسْتَ وَلَدٌ

Las-ta-wala-dun sayee-dan

You were not a happy boy

 

8) سَعِيْدَانِ لَسْتُمَا وَلَدَانِ

Las-tu-maa wala-daa-nisayee-daa-ni

You two were happy boys

 

9) سَعِيْدِيْنَ لَسْتُمْ اَوْلَادٌ

Las-tum aw-laa-dunsauee-dee-na

You all were not happy boys

 

10) سَعِيْدَةً لَسْتِ بِنتٌ

Las-ti bin-tunsayee-da-tan

You were not a happy girl

 

11) سَعِيْدَتَانِ لَسْتُمَا بِنْتَانِ

Las-tu-maa bin-taa-nisayee-da-ta-ni

You two were not happy girls

 

12) سُعْدَاءً لَسْتُمْ بَنَاتٌ

Las-tum banaa-tunsu'-daa-an

You all were not happy girls

 

13) سَعِيْدَةً لَسْتُ وَلَدٌ سَعِيْدًا  ،   لَسْتُ بِنْتٌ

Las-tu wala-dunsayee-dan, kun-tu bin-tun sayee-da-tan

I was  not a happy boy, I was not a happy girl

 

14) سُعْدَاءً  , لَسْنَا اَوْلَادٌ سَعِيْدِيْنَ لَسْنَا بَنَاتٌ

Las-naa aw-laa-dun sayee-dee-na, Las-naa banaa-tun su'-daa-an

We Two or all were not happy boys

We Two or all were not happy girls,

We were all happy not boys

We were all happy not girls

 

 

***


No comments:

Post a Comment