; An English Guide to Classic Qur'anic Arabic: 9/13.4 – Derivative 4 Adjective Noun اَلصِّفَةِ اِسْمُ

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9/13.4 – Derivative 4 Adjective Noun اَلصِّفَةِ اِسْمُ



 

Section 13.4 – Derivative 4 Adjective Noun اَلصِّفَةِ  اِسْمُ is-mus-sif-fa-ti

 

This is a Noun that is used to describe a quality. This includes colors اَلْوَانٌal-waa-nun and defects that have separate scales عُيَوْبٌ uyoo-bun. Some of the scales that are used commonly are described below.

 

Meaning

Example

Scale

Blissful, delighted

سَعِيْدٌ

 

Say-‘eed-un

فَعِيْلٌ

 

Fa-‘ee-lun

abundant

كَثِيْرٌ

 

Ka-thee-run

Despotic, tyrant

ظَلُوْمٌ

 

 

Za-loo-mun

فَعُوْلٌ

 

Fa-oo-lun

Uneducated, ignorant

جَهُوْلٌ

 

Ja-hoo-lun

Trustworthy, reliable

صَدُوْقٌ

 

 

Sa-doo-qun

Cheerful, happy

فَرحَانُ

 

Far-haa-nu

فَعْلَانُ

 

Fu’-laa-nu

Angry, annoyed

غُضْبَانُ

 

 

Ghuz-baa-nu

Exhausted, fatigued

تَعبَانُ

 

 

Ta’-baa-nu

 

 

Derivate 4 for Colors and Defects

اَلْوَانٌ وَ عُيَوْبٌ al-waa-nun wauyoo-bun

 

Colors and defects use scales of أَفعَلُ for single male, فُعْلَاءُ for single female and فُعُلٌ for plural for both.

 

اَلْوَانٌ وَ عُيَوْبٌ al-waa-nun wa uyoo-bun

Colors and Defects Examples

 

Both Plural Scale

فُعُلٌ

 

Fa-u’-lun

Single Feminine Scale

فُعْلَاءُ

 

Fu’-laa-u

Single masculine Scale

أَفعَلُ

 

Af-‘a-lu

حُمْرٌ

 

Ham-run

حَمْرَاءُ

 

Ham-raa-u

أَحْمَرُ

 

Ah-ma-ru

Red

سُوْدٌ

 

Soo-dun

سَوْدَاءُ

 

Saw-daa-un

أَسْوَدُ

 

As-wa-dun

Black

بِيْضٌ

 

Bee-dun

بَيْضَاءُ

 

Bai-daa-u

أبْيَضُ

 

Ab-ya-du

White

 

 

 

صُمٌّ

 

Sum-mun

صَمَّاءُ

 

Sam-maa-u

أَصَمُّ

 

Asa-mun

Deaf

عُمْيٌ

 

Um-yun

عَميَاءُ

 

Om-yaa-u

أَعْمٰى

 

Aa’maa

Blind

بُكْمٌ

 

Buk-mun

بُكْمَاءُ

 

Buk-maa-u

أَبْكَمُ

 

Ab-ka-mu

Dumb, mute

 

 

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