; An English Guide to Classic Qur'anic Arabic: 9/13.3 – Derivative 3 Noun of Circumstance اِسْمُ الْظَّرْفِ

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9/13.3 – Derivative 3 Noun of Circumstance اِسْمُ الْظَّرْفِ



 

Section 13.3 – Derivative 3 Noun of Circumstance اِسْمُ الْظَّرْفِ ismul-zar-fi

 

This is a derivative that has the meaning of time or place when an act is happening. When, the act has time associated with it, then it is called - Noun for Time اِسْمُ الزَّمَانِ ismuz-za-maa-ni, and if the act is associated with a place where the act is happening then it is called Noun for Place اِسْمُ الْمَكَانِ ismul-ma-kaa-ni.

 

Usually, these Nouns are on a scale of مَفْعَلٌ maf-a-lunbut there are some which use the scale of مَفْعِلٌ. Maf-i-lun. The plural is always with the scale of مَفَاعِلُ ma-fa-i-lun. A few examples are given below.

 

 

Meaning

Noun of Circumstance for Root in column 1

Root Class I (three alphabet)

 

مَفْعَلٌ maf-alun Scale

 

 

Place or time of help

مَنْصَرٌ

 

Man-sa-run

ن ص ر

Place of writing/office

مَكْتَبٌ

 

Mak-ta-bun

ك ت ب

Landscape/scene

مَنْظَرٌ

 

Man-za-run

نَ ظ ر

Bed, couch

مَرْقَدٌ

 

Mar-qa-dun

ر ق د

Drinking place

مَشْرَبٌ

 

Mash-ra-bun

شَرِبَ

Place to stay

مَسْكَنٌ

 

Mas-ka-nun

س ك ن

Place of sunrise

مَطْلَعٌ

 

Mat-la-un

ط ل ع

Place of entry

مُدْخَلٌ

 

Mad-kha-lun

دخ ل

Place of killing

مَقْتَلٌ

 

Maq-ta-lun

ق ت ل

 

مَفْعِلٌ maf-il-un Scale

 

Pace of prostration

مَسجِدٌ

 

Mas-ji-dun

س ج د

Place or time of attack, punching

مَضْرِبٌ

 

Mad-ri-bun

ض ر ب

Place of sunset

مَغْرِبٌ

 

Magh-ri-bun

غ ر ب

Place of assembly

مَجْلِسٌ

 

Maj-li-sun

ج ل س

Place to live

مَنْزِلٌ

 

Man-zi-lun

ن ز ل

Place of return/retreat

مَرجِعٌ

 

Mar-ji’-un

ر ج ع

 

In addition, if something is found in large numbers, then the scale مُفَعَلَةُ maf-a-la-tun is used, for example مَقبَرَةٌ maq-ba-ra-tun meaning a cemetery where there are many graves.

 

 

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